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Sunday's Google Doodle Celebrates Mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Leibniz is acknowledged by mathematicians across the world for laying the foundations of both integral and differential calculus and also for stating the basics of modern formula for pi.

search engine Google celebrated the 372nd birthday of German philosopher and mathematician's Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz by featuring him in their Sunday's doodle. Born into a pious Lutheran family on July 1, 1646 (near the end of the Thirty Years’ War), Leibniz was a German polymath and philosopher, who deserves a special place in history for having developed differential and integral calculus independently of Isaac Newton.

Working independently but at around the same time as Isaac Newton, Leibniz developed differential calculus, a type of mathematics used to calculate rates of change, and integral calculus, a type of mathematics used to calculate things like area and volume.

Leibniz and Newton were both members of the Royal Society in London, it's likely they would have heard of each other's work even though they weren't collaborating. Leibniz was the first to publish, in 1684;
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Newton followed nine years later in 1693. But a few years later, the Royal Society - with Newton as its newly-installed president - accused Leibniz of plagiarizing Newton's work. The two mathematicians had used different ways of writing calculus down, however, and Leibniz's version is still used today - so in a way, he had the last word as well as the first.

Leibniz also developed the binary system, whose notation of zeroes and ones is the basis of modern computer languages.

His book, Explication de l'Arithm├ętique Binaire, credited the ancient Chinese divination manual, the I Ching, with inspiring the binary system of zeroes and ones,
since the I Ching's hexagrams use a very similar notation to record numbers. In an age of European ethnocentrism, Leibniz still recognized China's long-standing mathematical advancement.

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